Mizoram is a mountainous region which became the 23rd State of the Indian Union in February, 1987. It was one of the districts of Assam till 1972 when it became a Union Territory. Sandwiched between Myanmar in the east and south and Bangladesh in the west, Mizoram occupies an area of great strategic importance in the north-eastern corner of India. It has a total of 722 Km. boundary with Myanmar and Bangladesh.
Mizoram has the most variegated hilly terrain in the eastern part of India. The hills are steep and are separated by rivers which flow whether to the north or south creating deep gorges between the hill ranges. The average height of the hills is about 1000 metres. The highest peak in Mizoram is the Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) with a height of 2210 metres.
Mizoram has a pleasant climate. It is generally cool in summer and not very cold in winter. During winter, the temperature varies from 110C to 210C and in the summer it varies between 200C and 290C. The entire area is under the direct influence of the monsoon. It rains heavily from May to September and the average rainfall is 254 cm. per annum. The average rainfall in Aizawl is 208 cm. and Lunglei has 350 cm. Winter in Mizoram is rain-free and is very pleasant; the skies are wonderfully blue, and in the morning the mist formed between the hills gives an enchanting view of wide stretches of a vast lake of cloud. Mizoram has great natural beauty and an endless variety of landscape and is also very rich in flora and fauna. Almost all kinds of tropical trees and plants thrive in Mizoram. The hills are marvellously green.